A Comprehensive Guide to Common Blood Tests
November 1, 2023

Do you remember receiving your first lab results and feeling like you were reading an alien language? Understanding blood tests can be challenging, but it’s crucial to grasp what they mean and why they’re ordered. They are often grouped into panels or profiles chosen by your doctor based on your initial symptoms.

This post will focus on two critical tests – the CBC (Complete Blood Count) and BMP (Basic Metabolic Panel). These are among the most known and provide a wealth of information about your health. So, whether you’re a seasoned patient or someone new to the medical world, we’ve got these common blood tests easily explained. Read on!

Getting to Know CBC & BMP

When understanding CBC and BMP tests, consider them your health translators. They decode complex medical information into something more understandable, giving valuable insights about your well-being. But what exactly does the CBC and BMP test measure?

CBC (Complete Blood Count)

This test is like a health status report for your blood. It measures several components, including:

  • Red blood cells, which carry oxygen
  • White blood cells, key players in your immune system
  • Hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells
  • Platelets, responsible for clotting

If you’re wondering, “Why do doctors order CBC tests?” It’s mainly to check your overall health, diagnose conditions like anemia or infections, or monitor medical treatments that may affect blood cells.

BMP (Basic Metabolic Panel)

This test closely examines how well your body’s metabolism is working. It measures:

  • Blood sugar (Glucose)
  • Kidney function
  • Electrolyte balance
  • Blood urea nitrogen
  • Calcium
  • Creatinine

A BMP is commonly ordered as part of a routine health exam to monitor conditions like high blood pressure or kidney disease or to check certain medication levels.

What Can You Expect From the Results?

Understanding your test results might seem daunting. Here’s how to interpret each test:

CBC (Complete Blood Count):

  • High or low counts of red blood cells could indicate conditions like anemia or dehydration.
  • A high count of white blood cells may suggest an infection or an immune system disorder.
  • Hemoglobin levels provide information about your body’s oxygen-carrying capacity. Low levels could also hint at anemia.
  • Platelet counts can give clues about your blood’s clotting ability. Too many or too few can signal various health issues.

BMP (Basic Metabolic Panel):

  • High blood sugar could indicate diabetes, while low levels might suggest hypoglycemia.
  • Abnormal calcium levels can hint at kidney disorders, bone disease, or vitamin D imbalance.
  • High or low electrolyte levels may also mean kidney disease, dehydration, or an imbalance in your body’s acid-base balance.
  • High blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels could suggest kidney disease or decreased blood flow to the kidneys.

Simplify Your Health Journey with Wray Hospital & Clinic

When you have undergone several blood tests or are running a new one, we understand that waiting for the results and the doctor to explain them can be frustrating. At Waray Hospital & Clinic, we understand you want to know what to expect from your test.

At Wray Hospital & Clinic, we empathize with your journey. Understanding your health shouldn’t be difficult. Avoid receiving a harsh or wrong explanation of your hematology tests. Trust our lab services, backed by reliable and compassionate doctors and nurses, to assist you with your blood tests. Visit us today.

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